Osteoarthritis (OA) is a painful joint disease that affects more than 27 million American adults. At the Comprehensive Orthopaedic and Spine Center at Mountain Vista Medical Center, our team of specialists treats patients suffering from knee osteoarthritis in Mesa and the surrounding areas, using a variety of innovative treatment modalities, including MAKOplasty®, a minimally-invasive, robot-assisted partial knee resurfacing procedure.
What is Osteoarthritis?
Joints have cartilage, which acts as a natural cushion, absorbing shock and facilitating normal, smooth motion. Over time, this cartilage wears away. With less cartilage – or cushioning – joints rub against each other, swell, stiffen, and sometimes develop bone spurs. The degeneration of this top layer of cartilage is known as osteoarthritis.
What Causes Osteoarthritis in the Knees?
The exact cause of osteoarthritis is not known. However, the disease is most likely to develop later in life. Women over the age of 55 are most likely to develop osteoarthritis of the knees.
What are the Risk Factors for Osteoarthritis of the Knee?
Like many diseases, symptomatic osteoarthritis tends to develop when several risk factors are present. While age, gender, and genetic traits are incontrollable risk factors, there are risk factors you may be able to control:
- Previous joint or knee injury
- Repetitive strain on the knee(s)
- Improper joint alignment
- Lack of physical activity
- Excess body weight
- Exercise- or sports-related stress on your knee joints
Talk to your primary physician about how you can address these risk factors now — before you have to consider a knee joint resurfacing procedure.
What are the Symptoms of Osteoarthritis in the Knees?
Osteoarthritis of the knee makes itself known in no unclear terms. Common symptoms include:
- Any kind of knee pain while doing your normal activities
- Grating or crunching sensation when using your knee
- Pain while standing, walking short distances, or using stairs
- Pain or stiffness in getting into or up out of chairs
- Stiffness in the knee when getting out of bed in the morning
- Swelling in one or more areas of the knee
Is Knee Osteoarthritis Treatable?
Fortunately, knee osteoarthritis is a treatable condition. Non-medical treatments like lifestyle changes may be enough to reduce symptoms in some patients. Still, more patients will find relief through physical therapy, steroid injection, and over-the-counter pain medications.
Patients with more painful symptoms may find that a total knee replacement or a knee joint resurfacing procedure will provide them with long-lasting relief from their pain. If you have advanced knee osteoarthritis, you may be a good candidate for total knee replacement surgery. If you have early- to mid-stage knee osteoarthritis, then the MAKOplasty® partial knee resurfacing procedurecould be the right match.
What is the MAKOplasty® Partial Knee Resurfacing Procedure?
If you’re suffering from knee osteoarthritis, you’ve probably heard of MAKOplasty®, one of the most advanced robotic arm-assisted partial knee resurfacing procedures available. The orthopaedic surgeons at Mountain Vista Medical Center are proud to offer this service to individuals suffering from osteoarthritis of the knee in the Mesa area. With MAKOplasty® partial knee resurfacing, surgeons can resurface only the arthritic portions of the knee, while preserving healthy bone and tissue. Learn more about MAKOplasty®.
How is Knee Osteoarthritis Diagnosed?
Osteoarthritis of the knee may be diagnosed by an orthopaedic surgeon at Mountain Vista Medical Center. On your first appointment, the surgeon will review your medical history and discuss the symptoms you’re experiencing.
Then, the surgeon will observe the movement of your knee, your joint alignment, range of motion, muscle strength, ligament stability, and other factors. Some patients may require advanced diagnostic images of the affected areas (MRI, CT scan, etc.). These images can help the surgeon pinpoint exactly where the damage has occurred. These images can also answer questions about cartilage loss and bone loss, as well as determine whether or not bone spurs have developed.
Hundreds of patients suffering from knee osteoarthritis in Mesa have already gotten a diagnosis and begun treatment at the Comprehensive Orthopaedic and Spine Center at Mountain Vista Medical Center. What’s stopping you from getting the expert medical treatment you deserve? Call 1-877-924-WELL (9355) to schedule your first appointment.
8 Tips for Managing Osteoarthritis of the Knee
You don’t have to wait until your first appointment to get knee pain relief. Start managing your osteoarthritis today with these eight tips:
- Maintain a healthy weight (reduces swelling in joints).
- Be aware of your physical limitations, and stop an activity when the pain appears.
- Take the medications recommended to you by your primary physician.
- If advised, use a walker, cane, or other device to reduces joint stress.
- Practice good posture. This helps reduce joint strain.
- Wear shoes that help support your weight.
- Stay positive and learn how to manage your stress as you deal with osteoarthritis treatment options.
- Be proactive in managing your disease and dedicate time to researching treatment options.
Have a question? Call the Comprehensive Orthopaedic and Spine Center at Mountain Vista Medical Center for more information at 480-358-6547.